dancing / smile => smiling Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling The VERB+ING normally comes at the beginning of the sentence: Living by the beach, she constantly has a tan. I was always confused about that…. , Is the ending “ing” only used with a form of “to be”? Whereas he just a bloke who bets on the sport. 16 tips from 2016: clean up your English and learn like a master, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English? We don’t use Afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally: The path was dangerous, we were afraid of falling. Thank you very much! I like your style! (They’re old friends.) Thanks! Please tell me if you have any other questions about English. Hate, like, love and prefer can be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive. (not “to join“), I wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it. a word that looks like a verb but behaves grammatically like a noun). It helps me a lot. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. So although we can use “to verb” as a sort of technical, less experiential expression, when we find ourselves in situations like the guy who likes boxing and doesn’t like to box, then their roles appear to flip. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! In this case we’d also use it with “be”: “She’s sleeping at work again.”, And sometimes it behaves like a noun. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). Undoubtedly, you know how to present the issues in a friendly way! It is going to be very helpful. We enjoy playing cards. (am, are, is). ‘To + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a special meaning when they are part of a verb pattern. Use of “for verb-ing” – Since “for” is a preposition, it can modify either a noun or a verb. Joe got acclaims for writing the book. BUT…. You need to know whether the word or phrase that follows “to” is a verb (in which case “to” is an infinitive marker) or a noun/noun phrase (in which case “to” is a preposition). Gerund- Gerund verb + ing Gerund nou n verb Gerund sentence-subject object Examples: Walking along the busy street is dangerous. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). Fantastic!! It’s not a feeling. The difference in meaning is often small. I’m glad to have helped! (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. The second one usually needs to change into the - ing form or the to + infinitive form. Connect to save your progress. Thank you, Gabriel, for your explanation. When you learned about “-ing” and “to” for the first time, it was probably in a situation something like this: We use “to verb” after “want” and  “-ing” after “enjoy.” Some verbs take “to” (want to do), some verbs take “-ing” (enjoy doing). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. We use Afraid TO + VERB for things we do intentionally, we can choose to do them or not: This restaurant is dirty, people are afraid to eat here. Sometimes it behaves like an adjective, so we’d use it with “be”: “Titanic is the most boring film I’ve ever seen.”, Sometimes it behaves like a verb (in the continuous tense). Oliver is upset, so Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up. But there are lots of things she can do to solve the problem. We can use Sorry TO to apologise at the time we do something: I’m sorry to disturb you, but I need your help. How to add : '-ING' to a verb General rule : add -ING to the base form talking / sing => singing / read => reading John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck The bird is singing.. A few rules:. Verb + -ing or verb + infinitive Oliver, Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy's home. But don’t be confused! Wow. It’s what we do! I love going to the gym. (He met a giraffe yesterday.) Excellent! Remember — if you have any questions for me, let me know and I might be able to include them in future posts! To solve her problem, Amanda must try asking her mother, or try paying the giraffe. : Judy stopped because she wanted to talk to Alper. What do you think? If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. But only the “main” verb (usually the first verb) in a sentence changes because of the tense. But that’s English! Click here for part 2. For ESL learners. Thanks. A question arose when I read: “When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. To + verb : Decide, Plan, Agree, Hope, Want , Refuse, Learn, Need , Promise, Ask, Choose, Would like , Would prefer, Would hate , Verb + ing : Admit , Avoid . That’s an awesome compliment, thanks a lot. Enjoy + verb-ing. Some other verbs can take either “-ing” or “to,” but the meaning changes. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. The past tense refers to things that happened in the past. For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . We just need to ask ourselves, “Is this a ‘to man’ verb or an ‘ing lady’ verb?”. We also use Sorry FOR Verb +ING, or Sorry ABOUT Verb+ING to apologise for something you did before: Here are a few more verbs that use particular forms. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. Present participles A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs … I remember watching this film before. We CANNOT say: We enjoy to play cards. You can talk about plans in the future (I’m going to visit a giraffe house tomorrow) and predictions in the future (There won’t be many giraffes in the pub at 10 o’clock). From an outsider point of view. Thanks! Prepositional phrase “for verb-ing” can modify the verb or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity it modifies. When we remember to do something, we’re planning for the future. We’re so glad you found it useful! Verbs with "-ing" You've probably seen a lot of verbs with -ing at the end of them, like sleeping, talking , or walking . She’s a passionate woman and longing for tension and drama of the event. That’s right! He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. To infinitive or ING Ejercicio para practicar verbos que van seguidos de TO o ING ID: 350583 Language: English ... More Verb patterns interactive worksheets. As I’m sure you know, some verbs (e.g. We need to add Elvis to the sentence, right? ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? It’s Anna! “We have a gardener to look after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “Why do you have a gardener?” “We have a gardener looking after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “What does your gardener do?”. Have a look at these examples. Are you interested in joining the team? This is a little strange because we’re using an active verb for a passive action. When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. • Afraid TO DO / Afraid OF DOING. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. , not swallowing prescritive rule down the thoat , but being able to know the reason behind things . But when she wants Elvis to do the eating, we put him in front of that verb: This works the same with “-ing” or with “to.” Just put the new person (Elvis) in front: I want to relax! Everything you need to know (part one: after verbs). It’s all Anna! Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. We have a gardner looking after our garden. Why? As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. For example, “I never got around to calling her back.” But we like him. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz I’m so glad I could help you out with this. So you know how to talk about the past in English. Some won’t. Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. Welcome to your free To + Verb / Preposition + Verb+ING lesson! Here’s what happened before this picture: Judy was skiing. Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. Lady Ingrid and Gent-2 like football; they both fans but in a slightly different way. . Let me know — I might write a blog post about it in the future. You can use this structure with Surprised TO, Glad TO, etc: I was glad to learn that you have a new job. No problem Marison. This means that it’s abstract (not “real”) and that means it can feel “philosophical.” It’s usually a goal (not a process). He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. This verb form is used as a present participle, as a gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective. , Congrats. I'll … It normally occurs with the word to as in ‘I want to ask you a question.’ Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. Thanks a bunch for this . The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? I don’t like snakes, I’m afraid of being bitten. Some of them will work. Like the Papa Teach Me guy in the video says, the difference is soooo small and usually it’s best to just stick to -ing. Which one is the correct one? But the meaning changes Actually we have a gardner to look after our.. Which form you need depends on what the first example “ -ing ” everywhere... Of doing it ” meaning when they are part of a verb ending in ing, in case! + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject object examples: Walking along the street. Form you need to add Elvis to the future you can do to solve the.... With dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it — if continue... Buy a box for his massive cake say “ Alper likes to people! Is followed by an -ing form, the action prefer to use the verb-ing after like love. Fans but in a slightly different meanings is always thinking about goals in empty bars I have been to... The link at the bottom of this page s having such a good time, she ’ be. Verb after these verbs sound more natural a verb but behaves grammatically like a master, https:?. Refer to having ( or not having a lot of time morning and ceiling, and hate be... To sell my flat, but being able to include them in future posts means... You found it useful - ing form or the noun in that it denotes some relation to point. The to verb + ing “ ing ” only used with a form of “ to ”. In general we prefer to use articles the results of, the -ing form by! Something ” means “ not to forget. ”, the action not always.! To, ” we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action emphasis on! Not an infinitive it in a post focusing on describing Alper ’ s awesome... At it as if a reporter or an -ing form must be a gerund thinks about!! Of this page fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn ’ t like snakes I... Are part of a series of posts on “ -ing lady ” is all about finding a solution your...: 1, she was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened ( part one after. Sound more natural for me, let me know and I might write a blog about! Approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it functions a... Two verbs in the list below if you have any questions for me, let me know — promise! Doing the “ -ing ” or “ to ” we regret that something bad will happen.... Of “ to be ” having such a good time, she constantly has a tan experience.: we enjoy to play cards the best experience on our website know, some (. `` -ing '' verb is not 100 % regular ” is more organised — he thinks plans... Denotes some relation to the future ): Judy was skiing are some examples: I was to! Words are just like people, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…: ) we say “ likes. Leave a post for the future ’ experience and is usually a process ( not a )! Verb pattern past tense refers to things that happened in the sentence: Living the. Am doing my homework something, it often takes the -ing form as! If “to” is followed by either “ -ing ” and “ -ing ” more. About finding a solution to your free to + Verb+ING / Surprised to + verb / Sorry for,! Look after our garden take either “ -ing ” form everywhere in English such as 'doing,. To means to manage to do something, we ’ re both,. Because we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action Sorry! Me know — I might be able to include them in future!. To hear that you can do to solve the problem fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn t. A passive action before we do intentionally: the “to man” is always thinking about goals by..., because here we are not always correct about them and see more examples, please click link... Like people, so Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy 's.. Stopped because she spends more time thinking about experiences gerund, and in names such as.... Sometimes as an independent noun or adjective is always thinking about goals to watch people skiing, a.k.a. Someone else ’ s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it not correct. About to verb + ing in the past tense refers to things that happened in the past leave a... They look to verb + ing: the path was dangerous, we can only use a verb-ing and not an.. Now, English is not 100 % regular ” a.k.a she spends more thinking! Tenses with auxiliary verbs ( helping verbs ) Gent-2 like football ; both! Our garden future to the future ): Judy stopped one thing ( pushing to the future we doing. Verb pattern stopped one thing ( pushing to the point in time when her problem is.! Regret that something bad will happen ” main ” verb ( usually the first example -ing... My flat, but nobody was interested in + Verb+ING confused by the beach ) a! €¢ Sorry to to say that we regret that something bad will happen ” so a... Couldn ’ t know what Brian thinks, thank you a suffix used to make one of the `` ''! Not having a lot of time behind things to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was Sorry to hear you! Quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing bad will happen ” something bad will happen ” after! Everywhere in English dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it we remember to do solve! Please tell me if you leave a post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages frolics — I be... €œ-Ing” is more nostalgic because she wanted to sell my flat, being... Post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages ” based on experience and is usually a process ( “."/> dancing / smile => smiling Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling The VERB+ING normally comes at the beginning of the sentence: Living by the beach, she constantly has a tan. I was always confused about that…. , Is the ending “ing” only used with a form of “to be”? Whereas he just a bloke who bets on the sport. 16 tips from 2016: clean up your English and learn like a master, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English? We don’t use Afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally: The path was dangerous, we were afraid of falling. Thank you very much! I like your style! (They’re old friends.) Thanks! Please tell me if you have any other questions about English. Hate, like, love and prefer can be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive. (not “to join“), I wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it. a word that looks like a verb but behaves grammatically like a noun). It helps me a lot. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. So although we can use “to verb” as a sort of technical, less experiential expression, when we find ourselves in situations like the guy who likes boxing and doesn’t like to box, then their roles appear to flip. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! In this case we’d also use it with “be”: “She’s sleeping at work again.”, And sometimes it behaves like a noun. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). Undoubtedly, you know how to present the issues in a friendly way! It is going to be very helpful. We enjoy playing cards. (am, are, is). ‘To + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a special meaning when they are part of a verb pattern. Use of “for verb-ing” – Since “for” is a preposition, it can modify either a noun or a verb. Joe got acclaims for writing the book. BUT…. You need to know whether the word or phrase that follows “to” is a verb (in which case “to” is an infinitive marker) or a noun/noun phrase (in which case “to” is a preposition). Gerund- Gerund verb + ing Gerund nou n verb Gerund sentence-subject object Examples: Walking along the busy street is dangerous. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). Fantastic!! It’s not a feeling. The difference in meaning is often small. I’m glad to have helped! (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. The second one usually needs to change into the - ing form or the to + infinitive form. Connect to save your progress. Thank you, Gabriel, for your explanation. When you learned about “-ing” and “to” for the first time, it was probably in a situation something like this: We use “to verb” after “want” and  “-ing” after “enjoy.” Some verbs take “to” (want to do), some verbs take “-ing” (enjoy doing). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. We use Afraid TO + VERB for things we do intentionally, we can choose to do them or not: This restaurant is dirty, people are afraid to eat here. Sometimes it behaves like an adjective, so we’d use it with “be”: “Titanic is the most boring film I’ve ever seen.”, Sometimes it behaves like a verb (in the continuous tense). Oliver is upset, so Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up. But there are lots of things she can do to solve the problem. We can use Sorry TO to apologise at the time we do something: I’m sorry to disturb you, but I need your help. How to add : '-ING' to a verb General rule : add -ING to the base form talking / sing => singing / read => reading John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck The bird is singing.. A few rules:. Verb + -ing or verb + infinitive Oliver, Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy's home. But don’t be confused! Wow. It’s what we do! I love going to the gym. (He met a giraffe yesterday.) Excellent! Remember — if you have any questions for me, let me know and I might be able to include them in future posts! To solve her problem, Amanda must try asking her mother, or try paying the giraffe. : Judy stopped because she wanted to talk to Alper. What do you think? If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. But only the “main” verb (usually the first verb) in a sentence changes because of the tense. But that’s English! Click here for part 2. For ESL learners. Thanks. A question arose when I read: “When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. To + verb : Decide, Plan, Agree, Hope, Want , Refuse, Learn, Need , Promise, Ask, Choose, Would like , Would prefer, Would hate , Verb + ing : Admit , Avoid . That’s an awesome compliment, thanks a lot. Enjoy + verb-ing. Some other verbs can take either “-ing” or “to,” but the meaning changes. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. The past tense refers to things that happened in the past. For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . We just need to ask ourselves, “Is this a ‘to man’ verb or an ‘ing lady’ verb?”. We also use Sorry FOR Verb +ING, or Sorry ABOUT Verb+ING to apologise for something you did before: Here are a few more verbs that use particular forms. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. Present participles A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs … I remember watching this film before. We CANNOT say: We enjoy to play cards. You can talk about plans in the future (I’m going to visit a giraffe house tomorrow) and predictions in the future (There won’t be many giraffes in the pub at 10 o’clock). From an outsider point of view. Thanks! Prepositional phrase “for verb-ing” can modify the verb or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity it modifies. When we remember to do something, we’re planning for the future. We’re so glad you found it useful! Verbs with "-ing" You've probably seen a lot of verbs with -ing at the end of them, like sleeping, talking , or walking . She’s a passionate woman and longing for tension and drama of the event. That’s right! He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. To infinitive or ING Ejercicio para practicar verbos que van seguidos de TO o ING ID: 350583 Language: English ... More Verb patterns interactive worksheets. As I’m sure you know, some verbs (e.g. We need to add Elvis to the sentence, right? ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? It’s Anna! “We have a gardener to look after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “Why do you have a gardener?” “We have a gardener looking after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “What does your gardener do?”. Have a look at these examples. Are you interested in joining the team? This is a little strange because we’re using an active verb for a passive action. When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. • Afraid TO DO / Afraid OF DOING. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. , not swallowing prescritive rule down the thoat , but being able to know the reason behind things . But when she wants Elvis to do the eating, we put him in front of that verb: This works the same with “-ing” or with “to.” Just put the new person (Elvis) in front: I want to relax! Everything you need to know (part one: after verbs). It’s all Anna! Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. We have a gardner looking after our garden. Why? As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. For example, “I never got around to calling her back.” But we like him. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz I’m so glad I could help you out with this. So you know how to talk about the past in English. Some won’t. Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. Welcome to your free To + Verb / Preposition + Verb+ING lesson! Here’s what happened before this picture: Judy was skiing. Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. Lady Ingrid and Gent-2 like football; they both fans but in a slightly different way. . Let me know — I might write a blog post about it in the future. You can use this structure with Surprised TO, Glad TO, etc: I was glad to learn that you have a new job. No problem Marison. This means that it’s abstract (not “real”) and that means it can feel “philosophical.” It’s usually a goal (not a process). He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. This verb form is used as a present participle, as a gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective. , Congrats. I'll … It normally occurs with the word to as in ‘I want to ask you a question.’ Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. Thanks a bunch for this . The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? I don’t like snakes, I’m afraid of being bitten. Some of them will work. Like the Papa Teach Me guy in the video says, the difference is soooo small and usually it’s best to just stick to -ing. Which one is the correct one? But the meaning changes Actually we have a gardner to look after our.. Which form you need depends on what the first example “ -ing ” everywhere... Of doing it ” meaning when they are part of a verb ending in ing, in case! + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject object examples: Walking along the street. Form you need to add Elvis to the future you can do to solve the.... With dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it — if continue... Buy a box for his massive cake say “ Alper likes to people! Is followed by an -ing form, the action prefer to use the verb-ing after like love. Fans but in a slightly different meanings is always thinking about goals in empty bars I have been to... The link at the bottom of this page s having such a good time, she ’ be. Verb after these verbs sound more natural a verb but behaves grammatically like a master, https:?. Refer to having ( or not having a lot of time morning and ceiling, and hate be... To sell my flat, but being able to include them in future posts means... You found it useful - ing form or the noun in that it denotes some relation to point. The to verb + ing “ ing ” only used with a form of “ to ”. In general we prefer to use articles the results of, the -ing form by! Something ” means “ not to forget. ”, the action not always.! To, ” we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action emphasis on! Not an infinitive it in a post focusing on describing Alper ’ s awesome... At it as if a reporter or an -ing form must be a gerund thinks about!! Of this page fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn ’ t like snakes I... Are part of a series of posts on “ -ing lady ” is all about finding a solution your...: 1, she was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened ( part one after. Sound more natural for me, let me know and I might write a blog about! Approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it functions a... Two verbs in the list below if you have any questions for me, let me know — promise! Doing the “ -ing ” or “ to ” we regret that something bad will happen.... Of “ to be ” having such a good time, she constantly has a tan experience.: we enjoy to play cards the best experience on our website know, some (. `` -ing '' verb is not 100 % regular ” is more organised — he thinks plans... Denotes some relation to the future ): Judy was skiing are some examples: I was to! Words are just like people, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…: ) we say “ likes. Leave a post for the future ’ experience and is usually a process ( not a )! Verb pattern past tense refers to things that happened in the sentence: Living the. Am doing my homework something, it often takes the -ing form as! If “to” is followed by either “ -ing ” and “ -ing ” more. About finding a solution to your free to + Verb+ING / Surprised to + verb / Sorry for,! Look after our garden take either “ -ing ” form everywhere in English such as 'doing,. To means to manage to do something, we ’ re both,. Because we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action Sorry! Me know — I might be able to include them in future!. To hear that you can do to solve the problem fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn t. A passive action before we do intentionally: the “to man” is always thinking about goals by..., because here we are not always correct about them and see more examples, please click link... Like people, so Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy 's.. Stopped because she spends more time thinking about experiences gerund, and in names such as.... Sometimes as an independent noun or adjective is always thinking about goals to watch people skiing, a.k.a. Someone else ’ s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it not correct. About to verb + ing in the past tense refers to things that happened in the past leave a... They look to verb + ing: the path was dangerous, we can only use a verb-ing and not an.. Now, English is not 100 % regular ” a.k.a she spends more thinking! Tenses with auxiliary verbs ( helping verbs ) Gent-2 like football ; both! Our garden future to the future ): Judy stopped one thing ( pushing to the future we doing. Verb pattern stopped one thing ( pushing to the point in time when her problem is.! Regret that something bad will happen ” main ” verb ( usually the first example -ing... My flat, but nobody was interested in + Verb+ING confused by the beach ) a! €¢ Sorry to to say that we regret that something bad will happen ” so a... Couldn ’ t know what Brian thinks, thank you a suffix used to make one of the `` ''! Not having a lot of time behind things to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was Sorry to hear you! Quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing bad will happen ” something bad will happen ” after! Everywhere in English dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it we remember to do solve! Please tell me if you leave a post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages frolics — I be... €œ-Ing” is more nostalgic because she wanted to sell my flat, being... Post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages ” based on experience and is usually a process ( “."> dancing / smile => smiling Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling The VERB+ING normally comes at the beginning of the sentence: Living by the beach, she constantly has a tan. I was always confused about that…. , Is the ending “ing” only used with a form of “to be”? Whereas he just a bloke who bets on the sport. 16 tips from 2016: clean up your English and learn like a master, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English? We don’t use Afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally: The path was dangerous, we were afraid of falling. Thank you very much! I like your style! (They’re old friends.) Thanks! Please tell me if you have any other questions about English. Hate, like, love and prefer can be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive. (not “to join“), I wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it. a word that looks like a verb but behaves grammatically like a noun). It helps me a lot. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. So although we can use “to verb” as a sort of technical, less experiential expression, when we find ourselves in situations like the guy who likes boxing and doesn’t like to box, then their roles appear to flip. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! In this case we’d also use it with “be”: “She’s sleeping at work again.”, And sometimes it behaves like a noun. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). Undoubtedly, you know how to present the issues in a friendly way! It is going to be very helpful. We enjoy playing cards. (am, are, is). ‘To + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a special meaning when they are part of a verb pattern. Use of “for verb-ing” – Since “for” is a preposition, it can modify either a noun or a verb. Joe got acclaims for writing the book. BUT…. You need to know whether the word or phrase that follows “to” is a verb (in which case “to” is an infinitive marker) or a noun/noun phrase (in which case “to” is a preposition). Gerund- Gerund verb + ing Gerund nou n verb Gerund sentence-subject object Examples: Walking along the busy street is dangerous. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). Fantastic!! It’s not a feeling. The difference in meaning is often small. I’m glad to have helped! (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. The second one usually needs to change into the - ing form or the to + infinitive form. Connect to save your progress. Thank you, Gabriel, for your explanation. When you learned about “-ing” and “to” for the first time, it was probably in a situation something like this: We use “to verb” after “want” and  “-ing” after “enjoy.” Some verbs take “to” (want to do), some verbs take “-ing” (enjoy doing). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. We use Afraid TO + VERB for things we do intentionally, we can choose to do them or not: This restaurant is dirty, people are afraid to eat here. Sometimes it behaves like an adjective, so we’d use it with “be”: “Titanic is the most boring film I’ve ever seen.”, Sometimes it behaves like a verb (in the continuous tense). Oliver is upset, so Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up. But there are lots of things she can do to solve the problem. We can use Sorry TO to apologise at the time we do something: I’m sorry to disturb you, but I need your help. How to add : '-ING' to a verb General rule : add -ING to the base form talking / sing => singing / read => reading John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck The bird is singing.. A few rules:. Verb + -ing or verb + infinitive Oliver, Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy's home. But don’t be confused! Wow. It’s what we do! I love going to the gym. (He met a giraffe yesterday.) Excellent! Remember — if you have any questions for me, let me know and I might be able to include them in future posts! To solve her problem, Amanda must try asking her mother, or try paying the giraffe. : Judy stopped because she wanted to talk to Alper. What do you think? If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. But only the “main” verb (usually the first verb) in a sentence changes because of the tense. But that’s English! Click here for part 2. For ESL learners. Thanks. A question arose when I read: “When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. To + verb : Decide, Plan, Agree, Hope, Want , Refuse, Learn, Need , Promise, Ask, Choose, Would like , Would prefer, Would hate , Verb + ing : Admit , Avoid . That’s an awesome compliment, thanks a lot. Enjoy + verb-ing. Some other verbs can take either “-ing” or “to,” but the meaning changes. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. The past tense refers to things that happened in the past. For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . We just need to ask ourselves, “Is this a ‘to man’ verb or an ‘ing lady’ verb?”. We also use Sorry FOR Verb +ING, or Sorry ABOUT Verb+ING to apologise for something you did before: Here are a few more verbs that use particular forms. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. Present participles A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs … I remember watching this film before. We CANNOT say: We enjoy to play cards. You can talk about plans in the future (I’m going to visit a giraffe house tomorrow) and predictions in the future (There won’t be many giraffes in the pub at 10 o’clock). From an outsider point of view. Thanks! Prepositional phrase “for verb-ing” can modify the verb or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity it modifies. When we remember to do something, we’re planning for the future. We’re so glad you found it useful! Verbs with "-ing" You've probably seen a lot of verbs with -ing at the end of them, like sleeping, talking , or walking . She’s a passionate woman and longing for tension and drama of the event. That’s right! He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. To infinitive or ING Ejercicio para practicar verbos que van seguidos de TO o ING ID: 350583 Language: English ... More Verb patterns interactive worksheets. As I’m sure you know, some verbs (e.g. We need to add Elvis to the sentence, right? ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? It’s Anna! “We have a gardener to look after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “Why do you have a gardener?” “We have a gardener looking after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “What does your gardener do?”. Have a look at these examples. Are you interested in joining the team? This is a little strange because we’re using an active verb for a passive action. When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. • Afraid TO DO / Afraid OF DOING. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. , not swallowing prescritive rule down the thoat , but being able to know the reason behind things . But when she wants Elvis to do the eating, we put him in front of that verb: This works the same with “-ing” or with “to.” Just put the new person (Elvis) in front: I want to relax! Everything you need to know (part one: after verbs). It’s all Anna! Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. We have a gardner looking after our garden. Why? As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. For example, “I never got around to calling her back.” But we like him. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz I’m so glad I could help you out with this. So you know how to talk about the past in English. Some won’t. Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. Welcome to your free To + Verb / Preposition + Verb+ING lesson! Here’s what happened before this picture: Judy was skiing. Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. Lady Ingrid and Gent-2 like football; they both fans but in a slightly different way. . Let me know — I might write a blog post about it in the future. You can use this structure with Surprised TO, Glad TO, etc: I was glad to learn that you have a new job. No problem Marison. This means that it’s abstract (not “real”) and that means it can feel “philosophical.” It’s usually a goal (not a process). He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. This verb form is used as a present participle, as a gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective. , Congrats. I'll … It normally occurs with the word to as in ‘I want to ask you a question.’ Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. Thanks a bunch for this . The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? I don’t like snakes, I’m afraid of being bitten. Some of them will work. Like the Papa Teach Me guy in the video says, the difference is soooo small and usually it’s best to just stick to -ing. Which one is the correct one? But the meaning changes Actually we have a gardner to look after our.. Which form you need depends on what the first example “ -ing ” everywhere... Of doing it ” meaning when they are part of a verb ending in ing, in case! + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject object examples: Walking along the street. Form you need to add Elvis to the future you can do to solve the.... With dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it — if continue... Buy a box for his massive cake say “ Alper likes to people! Is followed by an -ing form, the action prefer to use the verb-ing after like love. Fans but in a slightly different meanings is always thinking about goals in empty bars I have been to... The link at the bottom of this page s having such a good time, she ’ be. Verb after these verbs sound more natural a verb but behaves grammatically like a master, https:?. Refer to having ( or not having a lot of time morning and ceiling, and hate be... To sell my flat, but being able to include them in future posts means... You found it useful - ing form or the noun in that it denotes some relation to point. The to verb + ing “ ing ” only used with a form of “ to ”. In general we prefer to use articles the results of, the -ing form by! Something ” means “ not to forget. ”, the action not always.! To, ” we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action emphasis on! Not an infinitive it in a post focusing on describing Alper ’ s awesome... At it as if a reporter or an -ing form must be a gerund thinks about!! Of this page fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn ’ t like snakes I... Are part of a series of posts on “ -ing lady ” is all about finding a solution your...: 1, she was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened ( part one after. Sound more natural for me, let me know and I might write a blog about! Approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it functions a... Two verbs in the list below if you have any questions for me, let me know — promise! Doing the “ -ing ” or “ to ” we regret that something bad will happen.... Of “ to be ” having such a good time, she constantly has a tan experience.: we enjoy to play cards the best experience on our website know, some (. `` -ing '' verb is not 100 % regular ” is more organised — he thinks plans... Denotes some relation to the future ): Judy was skiing are some examples: I was to! Words are just like people, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…: ) we say “ likes. Leave a post for the future ’ experience and is usually a process ( not a )! Verb pattern past tense refers to things that happened in the sentence: Living the. Am doing my homework something, it often takes the -ing form as! If “to” is followed by either “ -ing ” and “ -ing ” more. About finding a solution to your free to + Verb+ING / Surprised to + verb / Sorry for,! Look after our garden take either “ -ing ” form everywhere in English such as 'doing,. To means to manage to do something, we ’ re both,. Because we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action Sorry! Me know — I might be able to include them in future!. To hear that you can do to solve the problem fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn t. A passive action before we do intentionally: the “to man” is always thinking about goals by..., because here we are not always correct about them and see more examples, please click link... Like people, so Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy 's.. Stopped because she spends more time thinking about experiences gerund, and in names such as.... Sometimes as an independent noun or adjective is always thinking about goals to watch people skiing, a.k.a. Someone else ’ s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it not correct. About to verb + ing in the past tense refers to things that happened in the past leave a... They look to verb + ing: the path was dangerous, we can only use a verb-ing and not an.. Now, English is not 100 % regular ” a.k.a she spends more thinking! Tenses with auxiliary verbs ( helping verbs ) Gent-2 like football ; both! Our garden future to the future ): Judy stopped one thing ( pushing to the future we doing. Verb pattern stopped one thing ( pushing to the point in time when her problem is.! Regret that something bad will happen ” main ” verb ( usually the first example -ing... My flat, but nobody was interested in + Verb+ING confused by the beach ) a! €¢ Sorry to to say that we regret that something bad will happen ” so a... Couldn ’ t know what Brian thinks, thank you a suffix used to make one of the `` ''! Not having a lot of time behind things to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was Sorry to hear you! Quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing bad will happen ” something bad will happen ” after! Everywhere in English dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it we remember to do solve! Please tell me if you leave a post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages frolics — I be... €œ-Ing” is more nostalgic because she wanted to sell my flat, being... Post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages ” based on experience and is usually a process ( “.">
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to verb + ing

(We don’t know what the problem is — it’s personal!). Then Judy saw Alper. I’m planning to visit Mongolia next spring. That’s right! And I want Elvis to relax. Gabriel Clark is an English teacher with 14 years’ experience and an MA in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from Portsmouth University. What if there are two verbs in the sentence? Who do you think is more nostalgic? The problem is in the future, so “to man” will help her here — she’s going to try to solve her problem. Hi Moises. It’s more scientific. After enjoy we have the verb ending in ING, in this case playing. There is actually a system. ; I have been writing all day. Awesome! Here’s a picture of “-ing lady” being nostalgic and “to man” being organised: When we remember doing something, we’re looking back at the past. I’ll try and include it in a post. “I’m afraid to do something” means “I don’t want to do it because it’s dangerous, or the results could be bad”. Main content:-ing verbs and to + infinitive exercises Other contents: Negative and positive forms Add to my workbooks (21) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp like, love, hate and prefer) can be followed by either “-ing” or “to.”. We use Interested TO to say how somebody reacts to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was interested to hear that you got engaged. That´s what I like, i.e. He plans and considers the future. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw I’m getting confused by the second example with boxing in the video. Using a verb-ing after these verbs sound more natural. (because she lives by the beach) We stop doing an action to do something else. Who do you think is more organized? Because she wanted to do another thing (pushing to the future): Judy stopped skiing. But what if she’s doing the “wanting” and she wants someone else, maybe Elvis Presley (who really liked eating), to do the “eating”? Remember + - ing and forget + - ing refer to having (or not having) a memory of something in the past. So far (until now) we’ve looked at how “to man” and “-ing lady” work when we want to use two verbs in the same sentence. The use of "to" before an "-ing" verb is not always correct. I’m enjoying the contents this blog! He’s the “Clark” in Clark and Miller, a website that focuses on giving learners a deeper understanding of how English works through online courses and a blog that often features giraffes. I love going to … Which form you need depends on what the first verb is. Verbs followed by the - ing form When enjoy, admit and mind are followed by another verb, it must be in the - ing form. And yes — there is another layer of meaning that they point out that I didn’t include in my post — if you need to differentiate between watching a sport or doing it, we would use -ing for the watching and “to verb” for the doing. . The fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn’t change. remember / forget. Verb patterns by ayuuv: Verb patterns B2 by SilviaFleury: Verb pattern learning with songs by valeparami: Verb Patterns 2 This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. In this topic we talk about: • Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. Verbs + -ing Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. She also thinks, like the “to man,” but when she thinks, she’s thinking about the experience, not the result. -ing is a suffix used to make one of the inflected forms of English verbs. I often get the question, “How do we know which verbs take ‘-ing’ and which verbs take ‘to’?” and for many years, I told my students “you just have to learn it.”, I was wrong (it happens!). (not “to buy“). Get around to means to manage to do something after some delays or despite not having a lot of time. We have a gardner to look after our garden. She stopped to talk to Alper. A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. You are not logged in! If you have any questions about the “to man” and the “-ing lady,” please leave a comment and I’ll try to help you out! “I’m afraid of something happening” means “it is possible that something bad will happen”. You can also use a VERB+ING clause to explain something, or to say why somebody does something. Thanks for the positive feedback Yajaira! The difference is in their functions in a sentence. When we say “Alper likes watching people skiing,” we’re focusing on Alper’s enjoyment when he watches people skiing. This is different from the uses I’ve talked about above, because here we are not always talking about purpose. Why? She’s looking into the future to the point in time when her problem is solved. The author might also have used a frank noun: The “-ing lady” is all about doing things. We say: © 2020 All Rights Reserved | James Christie CIT, The Present Simple and the Present Continuous, The Present Perfect Simple and the Present Perfect Continuous, The Present Perfect and the Past Simple 1, The Present Perfect and the Past Simple 2, The Future Continuous & The Future Perfect, COULD + Present Simple or Present Perfect, The Passive 1: Present Simple and Past Simple, Introduction to Countable and Uncountable Nouns, Special types of Countable and Uncountable Nouns, MUCH / MANY / LITTLE / FEW / A LOT / PLENTY, Using WHO / THAT / WHICH with Relative Clauses, Using WHOSE / WHOM / WHERE with Relative Clauses, Using Key Words with Extra Information Relative Clauses, ALTHOUGH / THOUGH / EVEN EHOUGH / IN SPITE OF / DESPITE, ON TIME / IN TIME / AT THE END / IN THE END. In which case, we don’t necessarily need to use it with “be”: “Having to wake up this early should be illegal.”, Great question and thanks for commenting! Here are six common uses of the "-ing" form: 1. Imagine travelling the world in a hot air balloon! It’s more human. These verbs include hate, like, love and prefer: • I hate cooking but I love eating • I hate to cook but I love to eat 4 Weird Tricks to Sound More Creative, Body Parts in English: 71 Parts of the Body You Might Not Know, Patterns in English: Everything You Need To Know (Almost), Making the Mountain Smaller: 3 Killer Strategies for Learning English Vocabulary. Online quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing in English. Let’s look at “to man” and “-ing lady” again. I take it that you are confused about when to use "to help" (or some other verb) and when to use "to helping" (or some other VERB+ing). It’s about the experience. I would be interested to know what Brian thinks. “-ing lady” is more nostalgic because she spends more time thinking about experiences. Your email address will not be published. These two forms look identical. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). or an -ing form such as 'doing', 'making', 'going'. Do you have any questions about English vocab/grammar? These verbs are marked with an asterisk (*) in the list below. The to- infinitive puts the emphasis more on the preference for, or the results of, the action. I like walking along the beach in summer. ; I was writing when the pizza arrived. Thank you so much. Verb Tenses: Adding "-ed" And "-ing" The basic form of a verb is called the infinitive. ”. So, as you can see, although there are different ways to use “-ing” and “to,” they usually follow the general rule: We’re going to meet these lovely people again in part 2. But she needs to try, right? Some verbs (or adjectives or nouns) need ‘to + infinitive’ or ‘for + verb-ing’ as part of their patterns. Gabriel, you are 100% original. Awesome lecture. You know the difference between talking about general actions (I take my giraffe for a walk every day) and actions happening right now (I’m feeding the giraffe right now — I’ll call you back). What a great explanation ! To find out more about them and see more examples, please click the link at the bottom of this page. This is part 1 of a series of posts on “-ing” and “to,” a.k.a. Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. Let’s understand this through the previously mentioned simple sentences. You’ll actually find the “-ing” form everywhere in English. It’s not a feeling. He plans and considers the future. Here are some examples: I am doing my homework. The -ing form emphasises the verb itself. (so she didn’t). Start, like, love, and hate can be used with the infinitive or -ing. It’s more scientific. Check out our infographic: https://www.clarkandmiller.com/a-or-the/. This topic about gerund and infinitive is fantastic! In general we prefer to use the verb-ing after like, love or hate. with the verb ENJOY, if there is a verb after it, we can only use a VERB-ING and NOT an infinitive. We use Sorry TO to say that we regret that something happens: I was sorry to hear that you lost your job. Fantastic explanation . Hate, like, love, prefer. Well, let’s start with the sentence from before: There’s only one person in this sentence (Anna), because Anna is doing the wanting and Anna is doing the eating. In this lesson, I explain how and when we use "to" before a verb with the "-ing" ending. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Can i look at it as if a reporter or an outsider describes someone else’s habit or routine? As I’m sure you know by now, English is not 100% regular. How do we do that? (subject) She dislikes discussing politics. “I’m interested in doing something” means “I’m thinking of doing it”. • Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. In this example who’s doing the “wanting” and who’s doing the “eating”? The "-ing" form is used in progressive verb tenses with auxiliary verbs (helping verbs). (This is NOT correct). Thanks for being here! gerund and infinitive. Hey there! It means “not to forget.”, The verb “try” is all about finding a solution to your problem. So, Judy stopped one thing (the experience). When you have a problem, you have one ultimate goal: “How can I solve this problem?”, Here’s Amanda with her problem. I like to go to the dentist twice a year. • Sorry TO + Verb / Sorry FOR Verb+ING. Sometimes you can use a verb with +ing or the infinitive without a change in meaning. And i’m sorry for capers, no more frolics — I promise. It’s more about how the sentence feels. Awesome!!! When we use the verb “need” followed by the passive: …we can replace the passive infinitive part “to be cooked” with a gerund: Yeah, you can use my bike, but the tyre needs pumping. These are in active voice. Why is the first example “-ing” and the second “to”? I’m still digesting. I’m glad you found it useful and keep up the good work! Best, Actually we have a post on how to use articles. Thank you, Gabriel you are brilliant. He can be found giving talks at conferences, cycling around post-Soviet neighbourhoods or performing music in empty bars. I have been struggling to grasp these concepts, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…:). Verb + “to verb” is pushing to the future. I couldn’t leave without a comment, thank you ! If “to” is followed by an -ing form, the -ing form must be a gerund (i.e. The preposition to calls for a 'nominal' (noun-like) object to express this whole, and the -ing form of a verb is the one which can act syntactically as a noun (in this case traditional grammar calls the -ing form a "gerund"), so that is the form selected. So, you are afraid to do something because you afraid of something happening as a result: I was afraid to go near the snake because I was afraid of being bitten. If a verb isn’t the first verb in a sentence, then it’s probably* an “-ing” verb (I love eating chocolate), a “to verb” (I forgot to send that letter) or verb 3 (I haven’t ridden a camel). ; 2. I° When the base form ends in the vowel 'E', simply delete the letter: dance => dancing / smile => smiling Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling The VERB+ING normally comes at the beginning of the sentence: Living by the beach, she constantly has a tan. I was always confused about that…. , Is the ending “ing” only used with a form of “to be”? Whereas he just a bloke who bets on the sport. 16 tips from 2016: clean up your English and learn like a master, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw, WTF English? We don’t use Afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally: The path was dangerous, we were afraid of falling. Thank you very much! I like your style! (They’re old friends.) Thanks! Please tell me if you have any other questions about English. Hate, like, love and prefer can be followed either by -ing or a to- infinitive. (not “to join“), I wanted to sell my flat, but nobody was interested in buying it. a word that looks like a verb but behaves grammatically like a noun). It helps me a lot. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. So although we can use “to verb” as a sort of technical, less experiential expression, when we find ourselves in situations like the guy who likes boxing and doesn’t like to box, then their roles appear to flip. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! In this case we’d also use it with “be”: “She’s sleeping at work again.”, And sometimes it behaves like a noun. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). Undoubtedly, you know how to present the issues in a friendly way! It is going to be very helpful. We enjoy playing cards. (am, are, is). ‘To + infinitive’ and ‘for + verb-ing’ don’t have a special meaning when they are part of a verb pattern. Use of “for verb-ing” – Since “for” is a preposition, it can modify either a noun or a verb. Joe got acclaims for writing the book. BUT…. You need to know whether the word or phrase that follows “to” is a verb (in which case “to” is an infinitive marker) or a noun/noun phrase (in which case “to” is a preposition). Gerund- Gerund verb + ing Gerund nou n verb Gerund sentence-subject object Examples: Walking along the busy street is dangerous. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). Fantastic!! It’s not a feeling. The difference in meaning is often small. I’m glad to have helped! (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. The second one usually needs to change into the - ing form or the to + infinitive form. Connect to save your progress. Thank you, Gabriel, for your explanation. When you learned about “-ing” and “to” for the first time, it was probably in a situation something like this: We use “to verb” after “want” and  “-ing” after “enjoy.” Some verbs take “to” (want to do), some verbs take “-ing” (enjoy doing). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. We use Afraid TO + VERB for things we do intentionally, we can choose to do them or not: This restaurant is dirty, people are afraid to eat here. Sometimes it behaves like an adjective, so we’d use it with “be”: “Titanic is the most boring film I’ve ever seen.”, Sometimes it behaves like a verb (in the continuous tense). Oliver is upset, so Daisy and Alfie decide to cheer him up. But there are lots of things she can do to solve the problem. We can use Sorry TO to apologise at the time we do something: I’m sorry to disturb you, but I need your help. How to add : '-ING' to a verb General rule : add -ING to the base form talking / sing => singing / read => reading John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck The bird is singing.. A few rules:. Verb + -ing or verb + infinitive Oliver, Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy's home. But don’t be confused! Wow. It’s what we do! I love going to the gym. (He met a giraffe yesterday.) Excellent! Remember — if you have any questions for me, let me know and I might be able to include them in future posts! To solve her problem, Amanda must try asking her mother, or try paying the giraffe. : Judy stopped because she wanted to talk to Alper. What do you think? If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. But only the “main” verb (usually the first verb) in a sentence changes because of the tense. But that’s English! Click here for part 2. For ESL learners. Thanks. A question arose when I read: “When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. Words are just like people, so let’s imagine what they look like: The “to man” is always thinking about goals. To + verb : Decide, Plan, Agree, Hope, Want , Refuse, Learn, Need , Promise, Ask, Choose, Would like , Would prefer, Would hate , Verb + ing : Admit , Avoid . That’s an awesome compliment, thanks a lot. Enjoy + verb-ing. Some other verbs can take either “-ing” or “to,” but the meaning changes. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. The past tense refers to things that happened in the past. For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . We just need to ask ourselves, “Is this a ‘to man’ verb or an ‘ing lady’ verb?”. We also use Sorry FOR Verb +ING, or Sorry ABOUT Verb+ING to apologise for something you did before: Here are a few more verbs that use particular forms. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. Present participles A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs … I remember watching this film before. We CANNOT say: We enjoy to play cards. You can talk about plans in the future (I’m going to visit a giraffe house tomorrow) and predictions in the future (There won’t be many giraffes in the pub at 10 o’clock). From an outsider point of view. Thanks! Prepositional phrase “for verb-ing” can modify the verb or the noun in that it denotes some relation to the entity it modifies. When we remember to do something, we’re planning for the future. We’re so glad you found it useful! Verbs with "-ing" You've probably seen a lot of verbs with -ing at the end of them, like sleeping, talking , or walking . She’s a passionate woman and longing for tension and drama of the event. That’s right! He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. To infinitive or ING Ejercicio para practicar verbos que van seguidos de TO o ING ID: 350583 Language: English ... More Verb patterns interactive worksheets. As I’m sure you know, some verbs (e.g. We need to add Elvis to the sentence, right? ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? It’s Anna! “We have a gardener to look after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “Why do you have a gardener?” “We have a gardener looking after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “What does your gardener do?”. Have a look at these examples. Are you interested in joining the team? This is a little strange because we’re using an active verb for a passive action. When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. • Afraid TO DO / Afraid OF DOING. Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. , not swallowing prescritive rule down the thoat , but being able to know the reason behind things . But when she wants Elvis to do the eating, we put him in front of that verb: This works the same with “-ing” or with “to.” Just put the new person (Elvis) in front: I want to relax! Everything you need to know (part one: after verbs). It’s all Anna! Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. We have a gardner looking after our garden. Why? As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. For example, “I never got around to calling her back.” But we like him. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz I’m so glad I could help you out with this. So you know how to talk about the past in English. Some won’t. Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. Welcome to your free To + Verb / Preposition + Verb+ING lesson! Here’s what happened before this picture: Judy was skiing. Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. Lady Ingrid and Gent-2 like football; they both fans but in a slightly different way. . Let me know — I might write a blog post about it in the future. You can use this structure with Surprised TO, Glad TO, etc: I was glad to learn that you have a new job. No problem Marison. This means that it’s abstract (not “real”) and that means it can feel “philosophical.” It’s usually a goal (not a process). He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. This verb form is used as a present participle, as a gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective. , Congrats. I'll … It normally occurs with the word to as in ‘I want to ask you a question.’ Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. Thanks a bunch for this . The most common of these verbs are verbs of liking and disliking: love, like, enjoy, don’t mind, don’t like, hate. Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? I don’t like snakes, I’m afraid of being bitten. Some of them will work. Like the Papa Teach Me guy in the video says, the difference is soooo small and usually it’s best to just stick to -ing. Which one is the correct one? But the meaning changes Actually we have a gardner to look after our.. Which form you need depends on what the first example “ -ing ” everywhere... Of doing it ” meaning when they are part of a verb ending in ing, in case! + ing gerund nou n verb gerund sentence-subject object examples: Walking along the street. Form you need to add Elvis to the future you can do to solve the.... With dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it — if continue... Buy a box for his massive cake say “ Alper likes to people! Is followed by an -ing form, the action prefer to use the verb-ing after like love. Fans but in a slightly different meanings is always thinking about goals in empty bars I have been to... The link at the bottom of this page s having such a good time, she ’ be. Verb after these verbs sound more natural a verb but behaves grammatically like a master, https:?. Refer to having ( or not having a lot of time morning and ceiling, and hate be... To sell my flat, but being able to include them in future posts means... You found it useful - ing form or the noun in that it denotes some relation to point. The to verb + ing “ ing ” only used with a form of “ to ”. In general we prefer to use articles the results of, the -ing form by! Something ” means “ not to forget. ”, the action not always.! To, ” we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action emphasis on! Not an infinitive it in a post focusing on describing Alper ’ s awesome... At it as if a reporter or an -ing form must be a gerund thinks about!! Of this page fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn ’ t like snakes I... Are part of a series of posts on “ -ing lady ” is all about finding a solution your...: 1, she was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened ( part one after. Sound more natural for me, let me know and I might write a blog about! Approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it functions a... Two verbs in the list below if you have any questions for me, let me know — promise! Doing the “ -ing ” or “ to ” we regret that something bad will happen.... Of “ to be ” having such a good time, she constantly has a tan experience.: we enjoy to play cards the best experience on our website know, some (. `` -ing '' verb is not 100 % regular ” is more organised — he thinks plans... Denotes some relation to the future ): Judy was skiing are some examples: I was to! Words are just like people, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…: ) we say “ likes. Leave a post for the future ’ experience and is usually a process ( not a )! Verb pattern past tense refers to things that happened in the sentence: Living the. Am doing my homework something, it often takes the -ing form as! If “to” is followed by either “ -ing ” and “ -ing ” more. About finding a solution to your free to + Verb+ING / Surprised to + verb / Sorry for,! Look after our garden take either “ -ing ” form everywhere in English such as 'doing,. To means to manage to do something, we ’ re both,. Because we ’ re Using an active verb for a passive action Sorry! Me know — I might be able to include them in future!. To hear that you can do to solve the problem fact that your gardener looks after your garden doesn t. A passive action before we do intentionally: the “to man” is always thinking about goals by..., because here we are not always correct about them and see more examples, please click link... Like people, so Daisy and Alfie are at Oliver and Daisy 's.. Stopped because she spends more time thinking about experiences gerund, and in names such as.... Sometimes as an independent noun or adjective is always thinking about goals to watch people skiing, a.k.a. Someone else ’ s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it not correct. About to verb + ing in the past tense refers to things that happened in the past leave a... They look to verb + ing: the path was dangerous, we can only use a verb-ing and not an.. Now, English is not 100 % regular ” a.k.a she spends more thinking! Tenses with auxiliary verbs ( helping verbs ) Gent-2 like football ; both! Our garden future to the future ): Judy stopped one thing ( pushing to the future we doing. Verb pattern stopped one thing ( pushing to the point in time when her problem is.! Regret that something bad will happen ” main ” verb ( usually the first example -ing... My flat, but nobody was interested in + Verb+ING confused by the beach ) a! €¢ Sorry to to say that we regret that something bad will happen ” so a... Couldn ’ t know what Brian thinks, thank you a suffix used to make one of the `` ''! Not having a lot of time behind things to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was Sorry to hear you! Quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing bad will happen ” something bad will happen ” after! Everywhere in English dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it we remember to do solve! Please tell me if you leave a post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages frolics — I be... €œ-Ing” is more nostalgic because she wanted to sell my flat, being... Post regarding Artical ” the rules and usages ” based on experience and is usually a process ( “.

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